By Emilio Corsetti III
On could 2, 1970, a DC-9 jet with fifty seven passengers and a workforce of six departed from New York's JFK overseas Airport en path to the tropical island of St. Maarten, yet 4 hours and 34 mins later the flight led to the shark-infested waters of the Caribbean. It used to be, and continues to be, the one open-water ditching of a advertisement jet. the next rescue of survivors took approximately 3 hours and concerned the coast shield, army, and marines. This gripping account of that fateful day recounts what used to be occurring contained in the cabin, the cockpit, and the helicopters because the crews struggled opposed to the elements and dwindling sunlight to rescue the survivors, who had purely their existence vests and a lone get away chute to maintain them afloat.
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Additional info for 35 Miles from Shore: The Ditching and Rescue of Alm Flight 980
The distribution of the power losses of the rotor in hover is approximately as follows: a) Induced power b) Profile power c) Nonuniform inflow S% to d) Swirl in the wake less than e) Tip losses 2%to 60% 30% 7% 1% 4% The main rotor absorbs most ot the helicopter power, but there are other losses as well. The engine and transmission absorb 4% to S% of the total power with turbine engines, or 6% to 9% with reciprocating engines. The turbine engine has larger transmission losses since its high rotational speed requires more reduction, while the piston engine has significant losses for cooling.
When the far wake parameters S. and ware v eliminated, the rotor thrust and power are given by T = 2pA( V+ P = vlV- T(V+ v). 3, here in terms of the mean induced velocity. It is customary to replace the integral conservation relations by their differential forms: (V+v)dA dT = = J1pdA (V+w)dS l = p( V + w)wdS l dP = J1p( V + v)dA = ~p( V The energy equation then gives v = ~ + w)(2Vw + w 2 )dS l w, and eliminating dS 1 and w gives dT = 2pdA(V+v)v dP = dT( V + v). There is no strict justification for this differential form of momentum theory.
Igor Sikorsky (Sikorsky Aircraft Co. in the United States, 1939-1941) returned to helicopter development in 1938 after designing and building airplanes in Russia and the United States. In 1941, Sikorsky built the VS300, a helicopter with a single three-bladed main rotor and a small antitorque tail rotor (rotor 9 m in diameter, gross weight 520 kg, 100 hp Franklin engine). Lateral and longitudinal control was by main rotor cydic, and directional control was by means of the tail rotor. The tail rotor was driven by a shaft from the main rotor.
35 Miles from Shore: The Ditching and Rescue of Alm Flight 980 by Emilio Corsetti III